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tv   The FOX Report With Shepard Smith  FOX News  January 13, 2010 7:00pm-8:00pm EST

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the horror in haiti. no power, no running water, no immediate organized rescue. human remains in the streets. the government predicting 100,000 or more may be dead. tonight the rush to save the rest. unthinkable devastation in a nation that's had more than its share. the capital city, largely in ruins. >> the water is going to end. >> the survivors who got out just in time. >> it was a big shake. we actually thought it was something that hit the building. >> crying and screaming. >> anguish of the families waiting for word here in the u.s. >> i'm hoping everything is okay, everyone is okay. >> and the aid pours in from around the world. >> people of haiti will have the
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full support of the united states. >> extensive team fox coverage of the horror in haiti. it's likely to become the greatest humanitarian crisis in this part of the world in decades. there is no way to know how many people lost their lives in that 7.0 quake. estimates of the death toll are all over the map, so we won't even guess. you heard the government prediction. tonight witnesses on the ground are describing the destruction as unimaginable. some of the images coming into our news room are predictably graphic. amateur video shows how the earth just opened up, flattening much of the capital, port-au-prince, a city of 2 million people. witnesses report human bodies are being piled in the streets. survivors tell us you can hear the cries of people and children trapped in the rubble on every corner. there is no equipment to unearth them, no first responders to help them, and tonight no relief aid to give them, no light even to see them. the united nations says the main
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prison in the capital collapsed. the police chief says more than 1,000 inmates are on the loose. schools with students in them collapsed. hospitals with health care workers and patients in them pancaked. even the presidential palace in ruins tonight. here is a look at what that palace, what they call the white house before and after the quake. tonight we're hearing from people who lived through it all, including a salvation army worker who shot a dramatic home video. >> i'm here in the middle of devastation and sadness and behind me the house is burning. wasn't that enough for the earthquake. now they're burning. people are losing everything they have and it's so sad. >> suddenly the house start to shake. it is terrible. >> tonight an ominous warning from the disaster zone. 24 hours after the quake hit,
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the red cross has run out of medical supplies. it cannot say how long it will take for the next shipment to get there. 3 million people expected to need aid. nobody is even willing to talk yet about the health emergency that looms, the refugee crisis that is sure to come and the long-term rebuilding that could prove next to impossible. we have team fox coverage tonight beginning with steve harrigan live in part part, haiti. steve? >> reporter: shepherd, this airport here in port-au-prince, the capital, is really the main artery to where the aid will have to flow through. you can hear one large engine behind me. that's the c130 size plane. we saw a few of those large planes land this afternoon. most of the planes were small executive type planes. of course, it's tough here to land a plane now that the sun has gone down in haiti. this is an airport that's just barely operational. there is minimum electricity and minimum communication. most of the pilots we've seen have been flying by sight. we have also seen some u.n.
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trucks pick up aid and keep in mind here, that the people who are doing the rescuing, the people who are doing the saving are also the people who have lost tremendous amounts here inside haiti. the u.n. compound hit hard, many embassies also toppled over by the 7.0 quake. so the people who are trying to help are also digging for their own, trying to save their own. this is an earthquake that did not discriminate between rich and poor. on the flight in, i could see real devastation. you saw what looked to be half built houses, half built after half built. but this reality, those were houses who had their roofs knocked off by the blast from that 7.0 quake. what you saw from a few hundred yards above port-au-prince, you're looking directly down into people's houses, almost like doll houses. you can look down and see what were rooms, where people used to live. where are those people now? those who aren't dead or wounded, no hospital to take
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them to, we saw large numbers of crowd, really of people huddled together. they were out in the open, out in grassy areas. there is still a great deal of fear and uncertainty, uncertainty about the level of devastation and fear about what could happen next. even people who have simply had shacks to go back to are often afraid to go back in those shanties. when you fly overhead, you see groups of dozens, sometimes a few hundred people huddled together for fear and waiting for that help which should be coming in the next few days here. shepherd, back to you. >> what we've heard the stories of hospitals collapse, of a nursing home collapse, of an orphanage collapse, of schools collapsed with children in them, what do we know of the efforts to save people whom the residents are telling us they can hear crying underneath these broken buildings? >> reporter: shepherd, crying and a heavy layer of dust from many of the concrete buildings
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have toppled over. almost every structure of society here has been shaken almost with a giant fist and toppled over. so when you're starting from almost scratch to begin with in the poorest country in the america, you just throw that into the mix and it's worse. so basic function, the government, the senate, the world bank, embassy, hospitals, schools, none are functioning. and to see the level of relief so far has been really minimum school. we saw one small group come in with shopping bag full of water and food. it is a trickle at this point, but it is also a heroic and a dangerous effort to try and reach this airport and the work often being done by those who are mourning their own colleagues. shepard. >> if something like this happens in a developed nation, there are machines to pick up rubble. there are hospital beds to put people in. there is medicine for those who need it. in haiti, that's simply not the
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case. in that third world country, it all has to be brought in. i know that there is an effort underway to begin that process. do we know the degree to which they've been able to put plans together? >> reporter: shepard, there is really a few factors here. i think the one positive factor that haiti has going for it, in its undeveloped state is that we don't see the large sky scrapers topple and trap people. that being said, it's going to be a tremendous challenge to try and get relief out there when you have the basic functions of society not working and really this is the main artery here. you can see once that takes off, there is no human chain of aid, there are not cartons of water being moved out there. what you have here are people afraid and for this next 24 hours, i'm sorry to say they will largely be on their own. >> any assistance possible from the dominican republic over the mountains there, over thinking they have their own set of
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problems and really won't be able to participate to a great degree? >> reporter: shepard, i think there is a great degree of desire from nations all around the region to help. it is a very difficult challenge to get in here in part because of the terrain to start with. you're talking about a mountainous terrain largely dirt roads. you throw a major earthquake into that and a type it hasn't seen for more than 100 years. you have a lot of competing groups now trying to get in. prices are beginning to rise as gouging takes place in the dominican republic. but the simple effort to get here by ground is -- you're talk being an eight or nine-hour ride, best case scenario from the dominican republic. this airport as you can see, the main artery is largely dark and almost silent. >> we do see the one plane behind you, a prop that appears to be either taking off or resettling somewhere at the port-au-prince airport there. i know that there are thoughts of bringing in people to shore
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up that airport and use it as an in and out sort of flight control center to get this relief effort in. but again, i'm guessing that that's a time matter and it will take a lot of it. >> reporter: i think there is a few major steps that they're trying to fix as quickly as possible. the first is going to be this airport. pilots now flying by sight, taking risks to get in here and those flights have almost shut down after dark. it's simply too dangerous. the next thing will be communication. even talking with people on the ground here trying to talk to relief agencies, trying to find out who needs the help, where are they, simply getting out to them because the cell phone lines are down, it's tough. you don't have a sat phone, if you don't have those kinds of privileges, it's remain hard to get in touch with anyone here in this darkness. >> you've been in a number of disaster areas like this. let's move forward three or four days. it goes without saying that getting all the people all they need will be impossible. is there a plan down the road as
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little kids have great needs and old people begin to suffer even worse, is there a plan to get control? i know that there are concerns. >> reporter: shepard, i think aid is on the way from a whole series of groups. i flew in with the international medical corp., just a group of five or six people trying to do what they can. these different humanitarian aid groups have plans, but they often work with locals on the ground to reach the most desperate. that will be orphanage, hospitals, schools, getting the trapped people out in the short-term. there is a desire. there's a will. but the problem, even before this earthquake, anyone who visited haiti knew the problems of getting around. the one thing that hasn't kicked in yet is the anger or the lack of security. that, of course, could put a real damper, as we've seen in other crisis, on the relief efforts. so far streets quiet, no sound of gun fire. there seems to be a readiness
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and a desire to receive aid and to give aid on both sides. let's hope for these terrible next 48 hours, that mood can remain solid. shepard. >> steve, some of the thinking back here has been that whoever comes in to help is going to have to come in with everything that he or she needs. that means something for a roof over your head, something to eat, something to drink. everything. it just seems like -- just an enormous challenge. >> reporter: carry that one step further, shepard. we've seen some media organizations who work heavier than fox and just the plane loads of materials they've had to bring in to get a shot on the air because you are starting from scratch. not only as far as shelter goes, food goes, water goes, but electric power, which means you need generators. can you get food and gasoline here? no. prices are starting to rise. so really i think you have to plan a trip to haiti right now almost like a trip to the moon.
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you're going to have to be entirely self supporting and once beyond that, only then can you begin to help the people who are absolutely in desperate need on the streets. >> steve harrigan at the airport in haiti, we'll be back to him throughout the night. the rest of our correspondents in the region. tens of thousands of americans live in haiti and the number of americans who can be accounted for is alarmingly small. we'll get the latest details live from the state department. in addition, we'll give you the rest of the rescue efforts that are underway and a look back at the very difficult history of catastrophe in haiti. 700 miles to the south and east of miami, florida. one of the greatest humanitarian crisis we've seen in our lives is developing now. coverage continues next.
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continuing coverage of the earthquake in haiti. more than 40,000 americans live in that country. so far we do not know what's
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happened to the vast majority of them. two military planes are on the ground in haiti now we're told, ready to fly americans off the island. this afternoon on studio b, i spoke with pj crowley, an assistant secretary at the state department much i asked him how many americans in haiti are known to be okay. >> relatively few, less than 100. we've been treating a few of them with broken bones and other wounds. that figure will hopefully get larger as we get through this. but we have not yet been able to account for anything approaching the number of americans we believe are in the city. >> so the state department can't account for them. many of their relatives here in the united states can't either. the numbers have changed but only slightly. within the last hour, we learned about 160 americans are now in touch with u.s. officials trying to find the best way to get out of the country. 160 of more than 40,000. the fate of the rest unknown. mike emmanuel is with us live.
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secretary gates canceled a trip to australia to deal with this crisis. we learned secretary of state clinton is cutting short her trip as well. >> that's right. she has been in hawaii working the phones, talking to international allies, trying to coordinate efforts. she was scheduled to go to australia, new zealand and other places, she said there will be time for that trip down the road, but she's coming home to help coordinate efforts here. a sign this administration is trying to do everything possible in these first 72 hours after the crisis to try to save lives. >> late today, bad news when it comes to the ways american manpower and aid are to flow into and out of that country. >> no question about that. the hope was that the port in port-au-prince would be a key way to get resources in, manpower in and to get victims out. we've got this update on the port situation a short time ago. >> the port in haiti at port-au-prince received substantial damage. the piers have been damaged, so that will limit our ability to
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dock ships in the coming days. that puts the extra importance on the airport. >> as you saw from steve harrigan's report, that airport is rather limited. one runway there and so there are challenges getting resources in and getting people out. >> what's the state department recommending to people who are trying to find americans in haiti? >> reporter: they have a hot line set up if you're trying to track down an american citizen. it's 888-407-4747. should note the state department initially told americans trying to get out to go to the airport. now they're saying that american citizens trying to get out of haiti should find a safe place and await further word from the embassy. they don't want a back up of americans waiting at the airport trying to get out. >> mike emmanuel, thank you. we'll get to the white house and major garrett who can covering the ongoing relief efforts and the struggles to get relief in and out of haiti. in addition we'll look back over its past, the governments that failed the people there, the
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crisis that have befallen the people there, the hurricanes, the natural disaster, the man made, our neighbors to the south and east, and their many troubles over time. that's coming up.
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the response to the earthquake in haiti has become a truly international effort. dozens of countries, including the united states, sending help or with plans to do so. china was on the ground first with assistance this morning. here is a look at some of what's on the way. france says it's sending rubble clearing specialists and dogs to sniff out victims. spain, 100-tons of supplies, including tents and blankets, plus plane loads of rescuers. canada, military reconnance team. the united nations, 86-tons of emergency food. and dozens of other countries have pledged to send everything
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from doctors to supplies. they're desperately needed. in the united states, president obama promised what he called unwavering support for the people of haiti. this morning he outlined our government's efforts to help. >> i have directed my administration to respond with a swift, coordinated and aggressive effort to save lives. the people of haiti will have the full support of the united states in the urgent effort to rescue those trapped beneath the rubble and to deliver the humanitarian relief, the food, water, and medicine that haitians will need in the coming days. >> of course, the coming days will turn into weeks and months. sustaining those large scale relief efforts takes massive amounts of time, money and manpower. our president says the united states will step up to the challenge. major garrett is there live tonight. we got a lot of early images from facebook and other on-line sources. is that true at the white house as well, i wonder? >> reporter: yes, it is.
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tonight the president will convene a national security meeting on this topic. it will be his fourth update since the earthquake began. but think about this, last night about 10:00 o'clock, the vast intelligence gathering system of the united states in the situation room was delivering to the president, what? facebook image, now visible across the world on the internet, those are the best ways of conveying to the president what was going on on the ground in haiti and the president from that, drew a deep sense of urgency about the whereabouts and how u.s. citizens in haiti are surviving or if they've been injured at all. i talked to the national security council chief of staff about that earlier today. >> he has seen those images. he is very concerned about it and very concerned and stated as much not only to us, but directly to ambassador and to others. in fact, that was his first question when he called. he said, i want to make sure you and your people are okay. those are very powerful images. >> the president said tonight to be somewhat impatient. he wants u.s. aid there as
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rapidly as possible. he wants reports as best as the state department can provide them on what condition u.s. citizens find themselves in in haiti. >> major, the president spoke with many people today about mobilizing relief efforts. what a challenge. >> reporter: exactly. let's show you one picture the white house released from the oval office. the president talking here. the president also talked to the prime minister of canada, steve harper. the president of mexico, the president of brazil, and the president of chile, in addition to that, the president talked to the u.n. secretary general, because, of course, the u.n. is concerned about its workers and collapsed headquarters. and the status of its 9,000 peacekeepers who might soon back an ad hoc police force. >> nobody wants to talk about it yet. it seems there is a humanitarian crisis and refugees could be the
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next step. we heard they may send some refugees to guantanamo bay. what do you know? >> u.s. citizens injured in haiti have already arrived at guantanamo bay for either care or treatment or just to house them there temporarily. whether haitians will ever arrive there, the white house simply will not say. dennis said the number one priority right now is to get americans found and if they need help, give it to them and if they need to leave, get them out. let's take a quick listen. >> there will be further consideration as we go. but that's what we're focused on now. we've been working this very hard. identifying where our people are, making sure that they're safe, getting them in touch with their loved ones and getting them home. >> the emphasis here is on american citizens. but he did not rule out to me the possibility that guantanamo bay could house some and i stress shepard, some haitian refugees. i've been down to gitmo. it's not big enough to house tens of thousands, hundreds of thousands.
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clearly that's the kind of need we're probably going to be talking about. >> hundreds of thousands, potentially refugees. majority garrett, thanks so much. continuing coverage of the disaster in hate cree and the pentagon announcing plans to send thousands of troops to the island in the coming days. we'll give you the details on that. u.s. southern command responsible for all activities in central and south america. officials say brigade of up to 5,000 troops is now on alert and unit of 2,000 marines could also join the rescue effort. in other words, nothing is certain. keep in mind, haiti has no regular military forces. its farm, navy and air force have long been demobilized. the nation only has a small coast guard and some 10,000 police officers across the entire nation. today the united states military sent ground and air teams to assess the destruction and support the relief efforts. the aircraft carrier uss carl vincent expected to arrive tomorrow. i've just gotten word that it resupplied at the naval station and that they didn't put it into
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port. the helicopters went out and resupplied the thing. so it is good to go. and on the way. now a rare bright spot amid all the misery. one of the rescues caught on tape. the united nations reports it's pulled about ten people from the rubble of its headquarters in the haitian capital. at least a dozen are confirmed dead and more than 100 from the united nations still missing and frankly, feared dead. those include the chief of the u.n. mission, 65-year-old man. this is video of him two years ago, a couple months after he started working in haiti. the french foreign minister and haiti's president both tell us he has been killed. but for now, the united nations is not confirming that. we know the magnitude of the earthquake was a 7.1, but more than a day after it struck, we still don't know the full magnitude of the catastrophe. search crews continue to stack human remains and countless people are still waiting for
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help. many of them trapped after the strongest earthquake to hit haiti since 1770. a historic event in a place with a long history of pain. # it's home to almost 10 million people, including 40,000 u.s. citizens. but eight out of every ten haitians are living in poverty, less than a third of them have formal jobs. most get by on less than two bucks a day. in fact, haiti is the poorest country in the entire western hemisphere. its location, along a fault line, surrounded by the warm waters of the caribbean. that's conducive to earthquakes and hurricanes. both of which are bound to be destructive in a place where construction standards really don't exist, where many folks live in nothing more than tin shacks. the country is roughly the size of maryland. but its disasters have been enormous over the years, natural and political. christopher columbus first docked there in 1492. but haiti wouldn't become an
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independent country until three centuries later, after the world's first successful slave rebellion. since then, the country has gone through a series of unstable leaders and more than 30 coups. most recently a bloody rebellion in 2004 that ousted the first democratically elected president. it was the second time opponent overthrew the politician whom they accused of corruption. u.s. troops helped restore him to power after the first coup. the u.s. and other developed nations were already giving haiti more than $1 billion in aid and now with people there once again facing tragedy, another massive aid effort begins. the international red cross says one of every three people in haiti may need emergency aid. one of three. the united states has promised to help. the secretary of state hillary clinton says american forces have been scramble to go provide essential services. two american women from illinois stranded tonight in the mountains of haiti and their husbands are asking the united
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states government to help them. the women are part of a missionary group called little by little. these are pictures from their previous trips. we're told the women arrived in haiti for a medical mission last week. according to the families, they're stranded in the mountains 15 miles outside port-au-prince. all the roads are said to be demolished and no way to get them out. the men say they've spoken with their wives briefly. both are safe, but very scared. one husband said he had an awful feeling about his wife going to her first trip there. >> i was very apprehensive. it's haiti. there is a lot of potential issues that go along with it. they've been down there for a week to help people. they're now in a situation where they need help. >> they've spoken to illinois lawmakers about getting that help. with much of haiti's power out, getting updates on the situation is difficult. but somehow as is the case with many disasters of this magnitude, a lot of people are getting their message out on-line. up next, what survivors are saying on social networks and we'll go back to steve harrigan live in port-au-prince as
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events warrant. this is fox news coverage of the horror in haiti.
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our government says it's checking on reports of at least three americans killed in the earthquake that devastated haiti. the total death toll impossible to know. all day we've been getting reports of victims being piled in the streets, survivors and the injured wandering around in a daze and now the latest on what's happening in haiti right now from someone on the ground. laurie's mother runs an
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onfannage outside of port-au-prince. she's about 16 miles outside of port-au-prince in the mountain s. thank you. >> hello. >> first of all, it's shepard smith in new york. first of all, how are you and what have you seen today? tell us about it. >> i'm doing very good. i'm very tired. have not slept since this happened. we did go downtown today, down to the area to see what was going on. there is just mass people in the parks and on the streets. they do want to go home or do not have a home to go back to. they're injured. they don't have the medical care coming to them or anything like that. they're just sitting this and they're in shock. >> your mother runs an orphanage. tell us what happened there.
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>> at the orphanage, we're very fortunate. we did not have any injuries. we have no damage to our structures. we faired it very well. >> how long have you been in haiti and what is your thinking moving days and weeks ahead about the crisis that loom? >> i've been in haiti, back in haiti since 2004. and over the next coming days, at this point we don't even know what to expect. we have power in the generators for power for the next couple of days. after that, i don't know how we'll get diesel to run them. as far as the nation goes, we need aid here. we need people to help search through the rubble for loved
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ones and everything and it's going to be a long, very long road to recovery ahead of haiti. >> laurie pickle in the mountains outside port-au-prince on this night, 24 hours after the quake struck. our best to you and yours and all the kids in the orphanage. >> thank you. >> laurie, thank you. information out of haiti certainly is hard to come by since yesterday's earthquake. almost all the phone lines are down as is the power. laurie had a satellite phone. that's how we were able to get in touch with her. we've been using different tools to gather the news. twitter and facebook have been invaluable. one claims he was in haiti at the time of the quake of the one minute everything is find and as the author wrote, how old are kids supposed to be before you give them popcorn? a lady ate six pounds of it as she won't sleep ever. moments later, catastrophe. experienced a earthquake. we're all fine. pray for those in the slums.
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it's been one of the hottest topics on twitter. diane is with us. i've been reading tweets out of there all day and i got to tell you, it's one of the best sources for information i could find. >> so much that fox news.com actually created a twitter filter, a twitter list. we're monitoring the white house speed, our reporters on the ground, some charities, and haitian news organizations. so you don't have to sort through every tweet on twitter that mentions the word haiti to keep updated. >> a lot of tweets have been soliciting donations through text messages, but folks really have to be careful that they don't get conned here 'cause the worst people come out in the worst times. >> you're absolutely right. as you scroll through these, you can see countless of them are advertising different ways that you can donate through text message particularly. it's great that we have that technology, but you also have to be careful that you donate to a worthy cause. we've created a how to help
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page. you can see it on the screen hyped me. it's a list of legitimate organizations contributing to the relief efforts and accepting donations toward that. you can be sure your money is going toward a worthy cause. >> exactly how do people find that? >> if you go on to our home page, right under the big picture, you'll see in red, it says, how to help. if you just click on that link, it will take you right to this page. that supplies direct links to those charities. >> i know a lot of people want to help. we've gotten a lot of e-mails about that. >> thank you. >> one of the most famous sons is wyclef jean. he's been leading the charge to help. he's a former member of the few gees and unofficial ambassador to haiti. he's been tweeting since the earthquake broke mostly to rally fellators donate to charity. he says, quote, you can also donate on-line at www.yale.org. he says 100% of the funds will go to earthquake relief fund.
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saturday so far reported $250,000 raised in the first 12 hours alone. the web site for yale actually crashed for a bit from all the traffic and it's been one of the top trending topics on twitter today. wyclef jean arrived in haiti this afternoon. she was buried under the rubble in haiti for ten hours. tonight how an american woman managed to make it out alive and the role her husband played. that's coming up as fox reports tonight.
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harrowing story from the aftermath of the quake in haiti. an american woman trapped for ten hours. in the rubble of a missionary building near haiti's capitol, port-au-prince. the family says she was able to get to a cell phone and somehow call her husband, frank, who was also in haiti, but some eight hours drive away. he made it, went all night long and got to her. >> by the time frank got there, which probably was close to 3:00 o'clock in the morning,
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they had started to see a little bit of jill. they couldn't see her face. they could see one hand waving. they were able to talk. and with a little more digging, frank actually literally lifted her out of the wreckage. >> that story of survival comes amid an overwhelming amount of death and destruction, something this woman's family wants to make sure is not forgotten. rick leventhal with us, how is she doing? >> remarkably well considering the circumstances. she described herself as shredded. her husband says she has major bruises and leg injuries, but can walk with acessance and the family thrilled she survived being pinned for ten hours under piles of bricks and wood and doors and other pieces of the building where she was volunteering and living in the hills of port-au-prince. her parents, as you saw, spoke in connecticut earlier today. >> we don't have to focus on us anymore 'cause we know they're okay. it would really be good if people could look at what's going on down there and the other stories and hundreds and
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probably thousands of people that are trapped like jillian was that may not get rescued. any help, any contributions that could be given to either the haitian ministries where jill works, red cross, anything. >> our baby is safe. but there are so many babies that aren't safe. >> fortunately, help is on the way. but we have no idea of knowing if it will be enough. >> do we know who was digging for her while her husband was making that eight hour drive? >> there were other people at this house. a couple security guards and a staff worker who apparently showed up there just at this mission house soon after the quake hit. pulling the rubble aside piece by piece. they dug a hole through the concrete ceiling so when frank showed up, he sees the house in ruins and his wife's hand waving from under the debris. others in the house were not so lucky. another security guard is missing and feared dead. the house cleaner is said to have severe injuries. she could lose both legs. >> wow.
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rick leventhal, thanks very much. >> sure. >> more good news, this for friends and family of a new jersey church group in haiti at the time of the quake. 15 members of the trinity united methodist church led by senior pastor frank fowler, seen here, now said to be safe. they were in haiti on an annual trip to bring medical supplies and other items to a children's hospital in port-au-prince. earlier today, the pastor's wife talked about the moment she found out the group was okay. >> when i first heard the news, there was a sense of calm or peace. i just knew that they were all okay. it was only after i heard from bill that he did hear frank's voice that i allowed myself to cry. and i immediately called my family, frank's three daughters and shared the joy with them. >> at last word, they were at an airport hoping to return home by this weekend. in recent years, we've reported on major earthquakes in china, italy, southeast araby. we know there is a earthquake
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risk in california and beyond. the caribbean is no stranger to them either. we'll show you how common they are in haiti and beyond, and we're going to go back live to steve harrigan in port-au-prince. is that after the commercial break? that's right after the commercial break. stay tuned. #ñ#ñ#ñ#ñññññññ%
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live to port-au-prince in just a moment. medical experts say disasters like earthquakes tend to worsen existing health problems. haiti already has an enormous problems with infectious disease. it has the region's highest per kata rate of tuberculosis. it's second to hiv and aids for the cause of death for children and adults. doctors warn refugees from the quake will likely face an increased risk of diseases that
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the country has faced before such as dangy fever, malaria and measles. the earthquake which leveled much of haiti yesterday was the strongest quake there in more than 200 years. but it's not an unusual occurrence in that part of the world. geologists say the caribbean is a very active area for seismic activity with plates and fault lines constantly shifting below the surface. haiti is located right above one of those fault lines. our chief meteorologist is here to look at that. refresh us how these things work. >> pretty much all earthquakes happen when you have the plates come together. this is one of those plates. this is a look at the last week. 80 earthquakes that happened in the last week. the majority of these happened, and it's an active area, around puerto rico. you kind of like to get the small earthquakes to relieve the pressure. you get a 3.0, 3.5, it relieves the pressure and that's good. if nothing is relieved, that's when you stand to risk to get this larger up with. the north american plate and
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caribbean plate here are butting against each other. this is moving west southwest. this moving in an opposite direction. and occasionally it's like they're stuck and suddenly it will give and it will move and this is that fault, cutting across the southwestern area. that's exactly what happened. unfortunately it gives in a small little area, which is what happened, unfortunately, it happened right by port-au-prince. 7.0 and, unfortunately also, very shallow. six miles deep. if it was deeper, 30 miles deep, the damage would not have been as extensive on the surface. but it was a shallow earthquake and that causes all kinds of problems. >> rick, thank you. we're monitoring new developments from the caribbean. coming up, the latest in the frantic search for survivors in the earthquake in haiti a live report from port-au-prince as fox reports live tonight.
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fox story, the death toll
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unknown and reports of victims piled up in the streets after yesterday's devastating quake in port-au-prince, haiti. much of the country in darkness for a second straight night. u.s. state department reports it's checking into indications that three americans died there, but 45,000 more americans live there and the vast majority have not been heard from. the international red cross reports it has run out of all medical supplies in haiti. we're led to believe more supplies are on the way. when they'll get there, still unclear. fox news correspond sent steve harrigan is live at port-au-prince at the airport with more. update us as you can. >> reporter: shepard, a welcome sight behind me. members of the 23rd brigade, from the panhandle in florida. looks like they're getting ready to hunker down at the airport. they're bringing with them medical aid, food, water, and relief in the hospitals here. we've seen a number of private charity organizations arriving by smaller planes.
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two most common items we're seeing them bring, water purification tablets so people can drink. plastic sheeting for shelter. after the earthquake and several of those after shocks, many people still too afraid to go in their buildings. finally, i spoke to you one hour ago. during that hour, not a single plane has landed here at the airport in port-au-prince. that may be due to no communication. limited electricity to get aid into haiti, you have to move it by air in the dark. that airport is barely functioning. back to you. >> once rescue workers and others get to that airport, steve, is there a sense for how they'll be able to get around what is a largely devastated capital city? >> reporter: i think only the first hurdle is getting in this airport and getting on the ground, as we see those soldiers take up space around me. looks like they're hunker down and make this their base station, which is a good and safe idea.
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the one factor that hasn't been talked about yet, security. when aid workers begin to go out into the devastated region, which has known violence before, will things stay calm? that will certainly make the relief efforts quite a bit easier if they do. shepard. >> it certainly would. steve harrigan, all the best to you and our crews. fox news crews are at the ready to cover this story in the hours and days and weeks and months and potentially years ahead. a humanitarian crisis like nothing we've ever seen. clearly developing in haiti. the question is, will they be able to get rescuers in there to try to dig people out, in many cases with bare hands, as witnesses tell us this evening they hear cries from beneath the rubble and have no way to remove them. now you know the news, for this wednesday, january 13, 2010. i'm shepard smith. continuing coverage, devastation in haiti tonight. "the o'reilly factor" is next. thanks for being with us.

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